SSI
Smallholder Systems Innovations

Publications

The SSI Program produces a variety of knowledge products, ranging from research papers, journal articles, conference papers, abstracts, poster presentations, popular articles, book chapters, synthesis reports, working papers, posters, leaflets, fact sheets, etc. This section lists these outputs and provides links to them.

Journal papers

Chaplot, V., Brown, J., Dlamini, P., Eustice, T., Janeau, J-L., Jewitt, G., Lorentz, S., Martin, L., Nontokoo-Mchunu, C., Oakes, E., Podwojewski, P., Revil, S., Rumpel, C., Zondi, N., . Rainfall simulation to identify the storm-scale mechanisms of gully bank retreat. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 1 July 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.05.016 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.05.016)

Chikozho, C., 2005. Policy and institutional dimensions of small-holder farmer innovations in the Thukela river basin of South Africa and the Pangani river basin of Tanzania: A comparative perspective. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 30, 2005, Pages 913-924. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2005.08.038. (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2005.08.038)

Dlamini, P., Orchard, C., Jewitt, G., Lorentz, S., Titshall, L., Chaplot. V., Controlling factors of sheet erosion under degraded grasslands in the sloping lands of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 27 September 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.07.016 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.07.016)

Enfors, E., Gordon, L., 2007. Analyzing resilience in dryland agro-ecosystems: a case study of the Makanya catchment in Tanzania over the past 50 years. Land degradation and development 18: 680-696. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.807 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.807)

Enfors, E., Gordon, L., 2008. Dealing with drought: The challenge of using water system technologies to break dryland poverty traps. Global Environmental Change 18, 607–616. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.07.006. (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.07.006)

Enfors, E. I., L. J. Gordon, G. D. Peterson, and D. Bossio. 2008. Making investments in dryland development work: participatory scenario planning in the Makanya catchment, Tanzania. Ecology and Society 13(2): 42. ISSN: 17083087 (link: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art42/)

Enfors, E., Baron, J., Makurira, H., Rockstrom, J., and Tumbo, S.. Yield and soil system changes from conservation tillage in dryland farming: A case study from North Eastern Tanzania. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 7 April 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.013 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.013)

Jewitt, G.P.W., 2006. Integrating blue and green water flows for water resources management and planning. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 31, 753-762. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.033 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.033)

Kemerink, J.S., Ahlers, R. and Van der Zaag, P., 2009. Assessment of the potential of hydro-solidarity within plural condition of traditional irrigation systems in northern Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 34: 881-889. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2009.06.012 (link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2009.06.012)

Komakech, C.H., Mul, M.L., van der Zaag, P., Rwehumbiza, F.B.R.. Water allocation and management in an emerging spate irrigation system in Makanya catchment, Tanzania In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 24 August 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.07.017 (Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.07.017)

Komakech, C.H., van der Zaag, P., Mahoo, H., van Koppen, B. Pangani River Basin over time and space: On the interface of local and basin level responses. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 17 July 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.06.011(Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.06.011)

Kongo, V.M. and G.P.W. Jewitt, 2006. Preliminary investigation of catchment hydrology in response to agricultural water use innovations: A case study of the Potshini catchment- South Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 31, Pages 976-987. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.014 (Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.014)

Kongo, V.M., Kosgei, J.R., Jewitt, G.P.W., Lorentz, S.A., 2010. Establishment of a catchment monitoring network through a participatory approach in a rural community in South Africa. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 14, 2507-2525. (Link: http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/14/2507/2010/hess-14-2507-2010.pdf)

Kongo, V.M., Jewitt, G.P.W., Lorentz, S.A., Evaporative water use of different land uses in the upper-Thukela river basin assessed from satellite imagery. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 8 July 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.06.005 (Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.06.005)

Kosgei, J.R., Jewitt, GPW., Kongo, V.M., Lorentz, S.A. 2007. The influence of tillage on field scale water fluxes and maize yields in semi-arid environments: A case study of Potshini catchment, South Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32, 1117-1126. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.027 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.027)

Makurira, H., M.L. Mul, N.F. Vyagusa, S. Uhlenbrook, H.H.G. Savenije, 2007. Evaluation of Community-Driven Smallholder Irrigation in South Pare Mountains, Tanzania; A case study of Manoo micro-dam. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32, pages 1090-1097. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.020 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.020)

Makurira, H., H.H.G. Savenije, J. Rockström, A. Senzanje, S. Uhlenbrook, 2007. Towards a better understanding of water partitioning processes for improved smallholder rainfed agricultural systems: A case study of Makanya catchment, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32, pages 1082-1089. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.017(Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.017)

Makurira, H., H.H.G. Savenije, S. Uhlenbrook, J. Rockström, A. Senzanje, 2009. Investigating the water balance of on-farm techniques for improved crop productivity in rainfed systems: A case study of Makanya catchment, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 34, Pages 93-98. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2008.04.003 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2008.04.003)

Makurira, H., Savenije, H.H.G. and Uhlenbrook, S., 2010. Modelling field scale water partitioning using on-site observations in sub-Saharan rainfed agriculture. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14, 627-638. (Link: http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/14/627/2010/hess-14-627-2010.pdf)

Mul, M.L., Mutiibwa, R.K., Foppen, J.W.A., Uhlenbrook, S., Savenije, H.H.G., 2007. Identification of groundwater flow systems using geological mapping and chemical spring analysis in South Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32, Pages 1015-1022. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.004 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.004)

Mul, M.L., Mutiibwa, R.K., Uhlenbrook, S., Savenije, H.H.G., 2008. Hydrograph separation using hydrochemical tracers in the Makanya catchment, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 33, Pages 151-156. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.04.015 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.04.015)

Mul, M.L., Savenije, H.H.G. and Uhlenbrook, S., 2008. Spatial rainfall variability and runoff response during an extreme event in a semi-arid, meso-scale catchment in the South Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 1659–1670. (Link: http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/13/1659/2009/hess-13-1659-2009.pdf)

Mul, M.L., Kemerink, J.S., Vyagusa, N.F., Mshana, G., van der Zaag, P. and Makurira, H.. Water allocation practices among smallholder farmers in South Pare Mountains, Tanzania: The issue of scale. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 24 March 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.014 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.02.014)

Mutiro, J., H. Makurira, A. Senzanje and M. L. Mul, 2006. Water productivity analysis for smallholder rainfed systems: a case study of Makanya catchment, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 31, Pages 901-909. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.019 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2006.08.019)

Pachpute, J.S., Tumbo, S.D., Sally, H., Mul, M.L., 2009. Sustainability of rainwater harvesting systems in rural catchment of sub-Saharan Africa. Water Resources Management, 23, 2815–2839. DOI:10.1007/s11269-009-9411-8 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-009-9411-8)

Rockström, J., C. Folke, L. Gordon, N. Hatibu, G.Jewitt, F. Penning de Vries, F. Rwehumbiza, H. Sally, H. Savenije and R. Schulze, 2004. A watershed approach to upgrade rainfed agriculture in water scarce regions through water systems innovations: an integrated research initiative on water for food and rural livelihoods in balance with ecosystem functions. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 29, 1109-1118. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2004.09.016 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2004.09.016)

Sturdy, J.D. Jewitt, G.P.W. Lorentz, S.A., 2008. Building an understanding of water use innovation adoption processes through farmer-driven experimentation. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 33, Pages 859-872. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2008.06.022 (Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2008.06.022)

Tumbo, S.D., Mutabazi, K.D., Byakugila, M.M., Mahoo, H.F. An empirical framework for scaling-out of water system innovations: Lessons from diffusion of water system innovations in the Makanya catchment in Northern Tanzania. In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 14 April 2010. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2010.03.010 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.03.010)

Winnaar, G. de, Jewitt, GPW & Horan, M., 2007. Identification of potential runoff harvesting areas using GIS. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32, Pages 1058-1067. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.009 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.009)

SSI related papers

Kinoti, J., Su, Z., Woldai, T., Maathuis, B., 2010. Estimation of spatial–temporal rainfall distribution using remote sensing techniques: A case study of Makanya catchment, Tanzania. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation,12, Pages S90-S99. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2009.10.003 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2009.10.003)

Pachpute, J., 2010. A package of water management practices for sustainable growth and improved production of vegetable crop in labour and water scarce Sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural Water Management, 97, Pages 1251-1258. doi:10.1016/j.agwat.2009.11.009. (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.11.009)

Savenije, H.H.G., and Van de Giesen, N.C., 2009. Editorial The sustainable village Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34, Pages 1-2. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2008.10.054 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2008.10.054)

Winnaar, G. de, and Jewitt, G., 2010. Ecohydrological implications of runoff harvesting in the headwaters of the Thukela River basin, South Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35, 634-642. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.07.009 (Link:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2010.07.009)

Post-Doc report

Tumbo, S.D., 2007. Investigation and development of framework for diffusion of water system innovations at community level. Post-Doc report Sokoine University of Agriculture. 96 pages.

PhD theses

Enfors, E.I., 2009. Traps and Transformations, exploring the potential of water system innovation in dryland sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, Stockholm University. ISBN 978-91-7155-863-3, pp 56.

Kongo, V.M., 2008. Balancing water for food and environment: Hydrological determinants across scales in the Thukela river basin-South Africa. PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Kosgei, J.R., 2009. Rainwater harvesting systems and their influences on field-scale soil hydraulic properties, water fluxes and crop production. PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Makurira, H., 2010. Water Productivity in rainfed Agriculture, redrawing the rainbow of water to achieve food security in rainfed smallholder systems. PhD thesis, UNESCO-IHE. ISBN 978-0-415-60120-7, pp 143.

Mul, M.L., 2009. Understanding Hydrological processes in an ungauged catchment in sub-Saharan Africa. PhD thesis, UNESCO-IHE. ISBN 978-0-415-54956-1, pp 130.

Licentiate thesis

Enfors, E.I., 2007. Traps and Transformation: Water System Innovations in Dryland Environments. Licentiate in Philosophy Thesis 2007:1, in Natural Resources Management. Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University

MSc theses

Ågerstrand, M., 2006. Ecological risk assessment of pesticide use among small-scale farmers in a semi-arid tropical agro-ecosystem. Degree Thesis in Ecotoxicology, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, May 2006. Supervisor: E. Enfors.

Albinsson, Y., 2007. Water use efficiency at field scale – Effects of conservation management in an agro ecosystem in Tanzania. Degree thesis in environmental science. Department of Ecology, Lund University. Supervisors: E. Enfors, J. Ardö.

Blanck, J., 2008. Managing for regulating ecosystem services in the Upper Thukela region, South Africa. MSc thesis, Stockholm University, Sweden. Supervisor: L. Gordon.

Brandt, M., 2006. Pesticide use & livelihood security among smallholder farmers in semi-arid sub-Saharan Africa. A knowledge, attitudes & practice study in Bangalala village, Tanzania. Degree Thesis in Ecotoxicology, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University. Supervisor: E. Enfors.

Bohté, R., 2008. Hydrograph separation using hydrochemical and isotope tracers in a semi-arid catchment: a case study in Makanya, Tanzania. MSc thesis, Delft University of Technology. Supervisors: M.L. Mul, T.A. Bogaard.

De Winnaar, G 2009. Tools to assess the ecohydrological impacts of water system innovations. MSc thesis. University of KwaZulu-Natal. Supervisor: GPW Jewitt.

Engdahl, A., 2005. Intensification and diversity in semi-arid agro-ecosystem: a case study of Bangalala village, Tanzania. MSc thesis, Stockholm University, Sweden. Supervisor: L. Gordon.

Fischer, B.M.C., 2008. Spatial variability of dry spells. A spatial and temporal rainfall analysis of the Pangani Basin and Makanya catchment, Tanzania. MSc thesis, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. Supervisors: M.L. Mul, H.C. Winsemius.

Gerenstein, T., 2005. Potential for adaptive management in a smallholder semi arid landscape -revealing large differences over a small geographic area. MSc thesis, Stockholm University, Sweden. Supervisor: L. Gordon.

Gordijn, F., 2005. Learning across scales: a case study on learning and knowledge sharing to up-scale small holder systems innovations in integrated watershed management in sub-Saharan Africa. MSc Thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. Supervisor: B. Bruins, J. Woodhill, Y. Bhatt and H. Sally.

Hållèn, C., 2007. Effects of conservation management on soil microbiology in a Tanzanian agro-ecosystem. Degree thesis in environmental science. Department of Ecology, Lund University. Supervisors: E Enfors, H. Wallander, and E Bååth.

Hendriksson, J., 2005. Mapping small-holder farmers use of ecosystem goods in Potsheni, Thukela Drainage basin, South Africa. Focus on times of Crop failure. MSc thesis, Stockholm University, Sweden. Supervisor: Line Gordon.

Mihayo, D.G., 2008. Adaptive adoption of rainwater storage systems by farmers: A case of Makanya ward in Same district. MSc in Agricultural Economics. Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. Supervisors: E.M. Senkondo and S.D. Tumbo.

Mutiro, J., 2005. Water Productivity Analysis for Smallholder rainfed systems. A case study of Makanya catchment, Tanzania. MSc. Thesis. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. Supervisor: H. Makurira and Co-Supervisors: A. Senzanje and M.L. Mul.

Mshana, G.M., 2005. Institutional set-up for smallholder farmers in IWRM, a case-study of ndiva ya Manoo in Makanya catchment, Tanzania. MSc. Thesis. Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. Supervisors: Makurira, H. and M.L. Mul.

Mutiibwa, R.K., 2006. Groundwater flow systems in the Makanya catchment, Tanzania. MSc. Thesis. UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education Supervisors: M.L. Mul, J.W. Foppen and S. Uhlenbrook.

Salehe, H. M., 2007. Effects of tenure arrangements, assets and capital endowments on adoption of charco dams at farm level in Makanya village, Same district. MSc Thesis. Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. Supervisors: A.Z. Mattee and H. Mahoo.

Sturdy, JD 2008. Understanding agricultural innovation adoption processes and garden scale water use through farmer-driven experimentation. MSc thesis. University of KwaZulu-Natal. Supervisors: GPW Jewitt and SA Lorentz.

Vyagusa, N. F., 2005. Water allocation Practices for Smallholder Farmers in South Pare Mountains, Tanzania; a case study of manoo micro-dam (ndiva). MSc. Thesis. Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. Supervisors: M.L. Mul and H. Makurira.

Working paper series

Bhatt, Y., Bossio, D., Enfors, E., Gordon, L., Kongo, V., Kosgei, J.R., Makurira, H., Masuki, K., Mul, M., Tumbo, S.D., 2006. Smallholder system innovations in integrated watershed management (SSI): Strategies of water for food and environmental security in drought-prone tropical and subtropical agro-ecosystems. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute 59p. (IWMI Working Paper 109; SSI Working paper 1). (link: http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/Working_Papers/working/WOR109.pdf)

Kongo, V. M.; Jewitt, G. P. W.; Lorentz, S. A. 2007. Establishing a catchment monitoring network through a participatory approach: A case study from the Potshini catchment in the Thukela river basin, South Africa. Colombo, Sri Lanka : International Water Management Institute. 66pp. (IWMI Working Paper 120; SSI Working paper 2). (link: http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/Working_Papers/working/WOR120.pdf)

Mutiibwa, R.K., Mul, M.L., Foppen, J.W.A., Uhlenbrook, S., Savenije, H.H.G., 2008. Surface water/groundwater systems analysis in the semi-arid South Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Water Mill working paper 7. UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. (link: http://www.unesco-ihe.org/content/download/2659/27363/file/WaterMill%2007.pdf)

Mutiibwa, R.K. ; Mul, M.L. ; Foppen, J.W.A. ; Uhlenbrook, S. ; Savenije, H.H.G., 2008. Tracking groundwater flow systems using geological mapping and chemical spring analysis in South Pare Mountains, Tanzania. Water Mill working paper 2. UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands. (link: http://www.unesco-ihe.org/content/download/2654/27348/file/WaterMill%2002.pdf)

Policy brief

IWMI, 2005. Smallholder System Innovations (SSI) in Integrated Watershed Management. SSI-Facts sheet. http://www.unesco-ihe.org/content/download/2849/29703/file/SSI-%20Facts%20Sheet-2004.doc

IWMI, 2007. Smallholder System Innovations (SSI) in Integrated Watershed Management: Science for decision makers. SSI Policy Brief No.1. www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/Other/PDF/SSI_Brief.pdf